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2011职称英语考试综合类C级试题

发布时间:2011年03月30日 来源: 字体:

The State of Marriage Today(C级)

  Is there something seriously wrong with marriage today? During the past 50 years the rate of divorce in the United States has exploded: almost 50% of marriages end in divorce now, and the evidence suggests it is going to get worse. If this trend continues, it will lead to the breakup of the family, according to a spokesperson for the National Family Association. Some futurists predict that in 100 years, the average American will many at least four times, and extramarital affairs will be even more common than they are now.

  But what are the reasons for this, and is the picture really so gloomy? The answer to the first question is really quite simple: marriage is no longer the necessity it once was. The institution of marriage has been based for years partly on economic need. Women used to be economically dependent on their husbands as they usually didn't have jobs outside the home. But with the rising number of women in well-paying jobs, this is no longer the case, so they don't feel that the5 need to stay in a failing marriage.

  In answer to the second question, the outlook may not be as pessimistic as it seems, While the rate of divorce has risen, the rate of couples marrying has never actually fallen very much, so marriage is still quite popular. In addition to this. many couples now cohabit and don't bother to marry. These couples are effectively married, but they do not appear in either the marriage or divorce statistics. In fact, more than 50% of firs marriages survive. The statistics are deceptive because there is a higher number of divorces in second and third marriages than in first marriages.

  So is marriage really an outdated institution? The fact that most people still get married indicates that it isn't. And it is also true that married couples have a healthier life than single people: they suffer less from stress and its consequences, such as heart problems, and married men generally consider themselves more contented than their single counterparts. Perhaps the key is to find out what makes a successful marriage and apply it to all of our relationships!

   1. Which is true about the problem of marriage in the United States today? 美国当代的婚姻存在的问题是__。
   A) Divorce leads to the breakup of the family.离婚导致家庭的破碎。
   B) Half of the married couples get divorced. 一半的已婚夫妻最终离婚了。
   C) American people marry more than four times.美国人一生至少结四次婚。
   D) More and more people are getting divorced. 越来越多的人离婚。(正确答案)

  1-1. Which is not true about the problem of marriage in the United States today? 关于美国当代的婚姻存在的问题,下面那个答案是不正确的?
   A) If this trend of divorce continues, it leads to the breakup of the family.如果这种离婚的趋势继续的话,它会导致家庭的破碎。
   B) Almost half of the married couples get divorced. 将近一半的已婚夫妻最终离婚了。
   C) American people will marry more than four times in 100 years.美国人在100年之内,一生至少结四次婚。
   D) More and more people like getting divorced. 越来越多的人喜欢离婚。(正确答案)

  2. What does "this is no longer the case" in paragraph two mean? 现在情况已经变了,这句话的意思是______。
   A) It is not necessary to get married any more.结婚再也没有什么必要了。
   B) Women do not need a husband any longer. 妇女们不再需要伴侣了。
   C) Women are not economically dependant any more. 妇女们在经济上独立了。(正确答案)
   D) Many wives do well-paying jobs outside home now.现在很多妻子在外面有很好的工作。

  2-2 What is the difference between past marriage and current marriage? 现在和过去的婚姻有什么不同之处?
   A) It is not necessary to get married any more.结婚再也没有什么必要了。
   B) Women do not need a husband any longer. 妇女们不再需要伴侣了。
   C) Women are economically independant any more. 妇女们在经济上独立了。(正确答案)
   D) Many wives do well-paying jobs outside home now.现在很多妻子在外面有很好的工作。

  3. Why may the outlook of marriage not be as gloomy as it appears? 前景似乎不像人们想的那么悲观的原因_。
   A) Many people still like to get married. 很多人仍然想结婚。(正确答案)
   B) The rate of divorce has actually decreased.离婚率实际上已经降低了。
   C) Over 50% of the marriages continue to exist.超过50%的婚姻仍然存在。
   D) The statistics of divorce is not quite true.关于离婚的数据不真实。

  4. How do people usually feel in their marriage life? 人们对于婚姻生活的感觉是_______ 。
   A) They are much healthier.他们更健康。
   B) They feel no longer single.他们不再感觉到孤单。
   C) They are more satisfied. 他们更满意。(正确答案)
   D) They suffer a lot less.他们遭遇的更少。

  5. Which of the following about marriage is NOT mentioned in the passage? 以下关于婚姻的论述下列________没有在文中提到。
   A) There will be more relationships outside marriage.在婚姻以外将有更多的亲戚关系。
   B) Many people try to get married again after divorce. 很多人离婚之后尽量再一次结婚。(正确答案)
   C) Marriage has long been partly an economical need.婚姻一直以来部分是婚姻的需要。
   D) It is a fact that most people choose to get married.大多数人选择结婚是一个事实

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